skin types

About Your Skin


Your skin is the largest organ of your body.  It covers you completely and acts as a protective shield.  Because it is exposed, it is also vulnerable.  Skin disorders such as eczema and acne are hardly ever life-threatening, but they can be uncomfortable and may disrupt your lifestyle.  Skin is visible – so skin disorders can also lead to psychological stress.

To look after skin we need to understand:

  • Why we need to care for it,
  • How to care for it and which products to use.

This is the the ‘why’ and ‘how’ of skincare.


The Why

Our modern lifestyles expose our skin to many environmental and physiological stresses, leading to unnecessary discomfort and anxiety as a result of sensitive skin.  By giving our skin the time and attention that it deserves, we can prevent many problems and enjoy healthy skin.

The health of our skin is psychologically, emotionally and physically linked to our overall well-being.

When we look good, we feel good.  When we feel good, we are happier and content, and most importantly confident.  Confidence inspires success, and so we achieve more.  Can you think of better reasons to take care of your skin?

Our skin is as individual as we are.  A lucky few are born with naturally smooth, flawless skin.  The rest of us have to do some work to get our outermost layer looking great.   Don’t lose hope if your skin is not great.  We can do a lot to improve the appearance of our skin and manage problem and sensitive skin. 


The How

To maintain the health and appearance of skin it is important to follow a good skincare regime  - especially if you have sensitive or damaged skin or suffer from condions such as eczema, contact dermatitis and acne.  Skincare should be part of your daily routine.

At Cutagen we recommend a simple 3 step routine of:

The ECM of skincare; it really is as simple as ABC!

In addition to following a good skincare regime it is important to use products that are mild and gentle and that are suitable for your skin-type.  Cutagen products are developed with this in mind.  We use clever ingredients, which are gentle and effective.  Our products will clean and protect even the most delicate and sensitive skin and can help manage the effects of skin conditions such as eczema, dermatitis and acne .


Skin Types

Just as people are unique and individual, so is their skin.  Broadly, skin type is defined as a combination of three factors, water content, lipid content and level of sensitivity.

Skin types can broadly be divided into 4 main categories, normal, dry, combination and oily.  All these skin types can also be sensitive.

Normal skin Dry skin Combination skin Oily skin Sensitive skin


Normal Skin

Normal skin is the type we all want.  Smooth, firm, elastic and glowing with health.  It is well-moisturised and balanced.  Most importantly, normal skin is in optimum condition to carry out its main function as an all-over protective barrier.

Normal skin has barely visible pores and a radiant complexion, with no imperfections.  It has an adequate amount of, and balance between water and lipid content, and a moderate sensitivity level.  Normal skin is achieved by the ideal balance between the rate of sebum (oil production) and cellular exchange (loss of old dead cells and replacement by new young cells).

Cutagen recommend using one of our mild wash products such as:

 to cleanse the skin followed by a light moisturiser such as our:

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Dry Skin

Dry skin lacks moisture, leaving it looking dull and lifeless, and more prone to wrinkles, skin conditions and allergic reactions.  The surface of the skin normally holds around 20% of the body’s water.  Skin components including lipids and protein are the bricks and mortar that retain this water.  If they are damaged the skin rapidly becomes dehydrated.  A weakened skin barrier interferes with the skin’s ability to keep moisture locked-in, allowing moisture to evaporate, leaving the skin drier and in need of extra care.

Dry skin has almost invisible pores, and a dull, rough complexion with red patches.  It can be extremely fine and delicate.  It can also occur on exposure to physical elements such as bright sunlight, burns, cold temperatures, abrasions, and certain medications.  When the skin repairs itself after being exposed to these elements, dryness and flaking usually occur, often with itchiness.  Certain people suffer from dry-skin conditions that run in families.  Their skin doesn't itch, but the disease causes their skin to flake and sometimes to crack.  More severe dry skin may be rough and scaly.  The outer skin layer may develop tiny cracks, mainly on the back of the hands, outer sides of the arms, forearms, and legs.  Dry skin can also be caused by genetic or hormonal aging, as well as external factors such as wind and UV radiation.

If your skin is extremely dry or atopic avoid using wash products containing soap or surfactant.  Cutagen recommend our:

followed by our:

If your skin is moderately dry you can also use our:


Our moisturisers hydrate and nourish the skin as well as forming a protective layer on the surface that acts as a barrier to the elements, allowing the skin to regenerate and look good.

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Combination Skin

With combination skin there are areas of oily skin, typically in the T-zone of the (forehead, nose and chin regions) with the remaining areas being normal or dry.

The pores of normal, combination skin are overly dilated, tend to have blackheads and be shiny in the T-zone.  The skin is either overly dry or excessively oily, with occasional roughness on the cheeks.  The extent can change depending on the time of year (skin is usually drier when the weather is cold).  Even oily skin can become rough and irritated in winter.  Combination skin is caused by an imbalance in the production and distribution of lipids which can be due to hormonal and genetic factors.

At cutagen we recommend cleansing with any product from our Gentlecare range followed by moisturisation with our:

or if the T zone is particularly oily moisturise with our:

Moisturisation will keep the skin hydrated and looking radiant.

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Oily Skin

Oily skin occurs when the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum (oil) giving a shiny or even greasy appearance.  Excess sebum can also block hair follicles (pores) and lead to spots and pimples.  The areas most affected are the face, neck, chest, and back.  Many people suffer from this skin type during puberty, but some people have it all their life due to predisposing genes or hormones.  If your parents have oily skin you are likely to have it too.  Any hormonal changes - due to menstruation, pregnancy, emotional situations, transition into menopause – can also cause skin to become oily.

The oiliness of the skin can change from day to day, depending on the sun, the wind, time of the year, and the weather.  This skin type has dilated pores, shiny complexion, blackheads and pimples with a shiny, thick or slightly waxy appearance.  Touching this type of skin may sometimes leave a residue on the fingertips.  A chronically oily skin often has enlarged coarse pores and pimples and other blemishes.  This skin type is caused by over active sebaceous glands that produce more oil than is needed due to puberty or other hormonal imbalances, stress, antibiotics, and exposure to heat or excessive humidity.

It is important to remember with this kind of skin that we do not want to remove too much oil as this will only send oil production into overdrive.  Cutagen recommend cleansing with our:

followed by moisturisation with our:

Remember oily skin can become dehydrated so a good moisturiser is important.

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Sensitive skin

Anyone can have sensitive skin no matter what their skin type.  Sensitive skin is defined by the skin’s reactivity to the environment not by water or oil content. 

Sensitive skin reacts strongly to factors and allergens that do not affect normal skin.  This is because the outer layer – the stratum corneum – tends to have a weakened barrier function, so it can be damaged more easily.  Not all sensitive skin is alike, and different people are affected by different things.   Some people’s skin may be sensitive to contact with certain products causing rashes or eczema, others are affected by weather, diet, pollution, cosmetics or even stress.

Cutagen products have been designed to be mild and kind to sensitive skin.  They also help to protect the skin and restore its natural balance.

If you wash your hands multiple times a day, use Gentlecare Refreshing Wash Gel to wash your skin in the shower or bath or Gentlecare Refreshing Hand Wash Gel for hand washing.  These will ensure that your skin does not become sensitised to strong soaps or lose it's protective oil layer whilst remaining clean.

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